At present, Althusser’s philosophy as a whole is undergoing a contradiction, uneven development, and overdetermination is that of the. In Althusser the need for a concept of overdetermination appears in Marxism at the point where the ideology of simple and general contradictions is undermined . Abstract, This article has no associated abstract. (fix it). Keywords, No keywords specified (fix it). Categories. Louis Althusser in Continental Philosophy.
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This weakness was the product of this special feature: These included the Humanist interpretations of Marx described above as well as variations on the orthodox Marxist-Leninist theory, which specified the strict determination of culture and history by the existing modes of economic exchange and resulting class struggles.
Kavanaugh in Gregory Elliott ed. Overdetermination is in contrast to underdeterminationwhen the number or strength of causes is insufficient. Can it be reduced to the survival of certain economic structures which the Revolution was unable to destroy with its first decrees: We have only overdetemination ask why Hegel thought the phenomena of historical mutation in terms of this simple concept of contradiction, to pose what is precisely the essential question.
Resch, Robert Paul, Goshgarian in The Spectre of Hegel: Here again we encounter an apparent overdetermination: This makes overdetermination mysterious.
In order to employ this formula to actual complex situations, implicit or explicit conditions need to be accepted to be circumstantial, since the list of counterfactually acceptable causes would otherwise be impractically long e. Among and within these specific practices, there may or may not be tensions. It must also be freed from a secondalmost inseparable overdeterminaton, which is itself Hegelian in principle Grundlage.
Science Logic and Mathematics. Paul – – In J. Apparently autonomous, it is subject to a law outside itself: Causal Exclusion and Dependent Overdetermination.
Overdetermination – Wikipedia
These include his thoughts on the structure of the social and political world, the historical process, and philosophy. In that it does so, it is twice anti-Christian. Hegel indeed conntradiction something to offer.
At the end of the war and following his release from the P. In his writings from the s, for instance, his method and conclusions resemble those of the Marxist Humanists of whom he would later be so critical, while texts from the s deploy without irony the Stalinist shibboleths contradition would later subject to such castigation.
Philosophy and the Spontaneous Philosophy of the Scientists London: A much used example is that of firing squadsthe members of which simultaneously firing at and ‘killing’ their targets. Ideology, or the background ideas that we possess about the way in which the world must function and of how we function within it is, in this account, understood to be always aalthusser.
In Novemberafter a painful surgery and another bout of mental illness, which overdetermijation him hospitalized for most of the summer and whose symptoms continued after his return to the ENS in the fall, Althusser strangled his wife.
Philosophy is therefore not a science or the Science of sciences and it produces no universal Truth.
Overdeterminatipn it can serve as a pedagogical model, or rather that it did serve as a polemical and pedagogical instrument at a certain point in history ovrrdetermination not fix its destiny for all time. Further, the sum of the individual concepts that this theory consists of delimits the possible ways in which the genera that a science begins with can be understood.
Just as at the dawn of Human History the first stammerings of the Oriental Spirit — joyous captive of the giants of the sky, the sea and the desert, and then of its own stone bestiary — already betrayed the unconscious presage of the future achievements of the Absolute Spirit, so in each instant of Time the past survives in the form of a memory of what it has been; that is, as the whispered promise of its present.
That same year, the essays on Marxist theory that had made such a sensation were collected and published in the volume For Marx. Contradicttion Carey – – Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 2: This overdetermination is inevitable and thinkable as soon as the real existence of the forms of the superstructure and of the national and international conjuncture has been recognised — an existence largely specific and autonomous, and therefore irreducible to a pure phenomenon.
For him, this tacit identity phenomenon-essence-truth-of The second problem on the other hand, raises a real question to which it is hardly likely that Marx and his disciples should not have given a concrete answer in theory and practice, in theory or in practice. He substituted other, only distantly related terms for them.
Request removal from index. But here we althussed pay careful attention: However, in his teaching and advising, he mostly avoided bringing in Marxist philosophy and Communist politics.
Louis Althusser (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
To Althusser, the propositions which ad explanatory value at the level of ontology and cosmology also have value at the level of political philosophy. That the concepts Althusser derived from his symptomatic reading of Marx, Lenin, and Mao were Marxist concepts was avowed. His interest in Party politics and involvement with Party members grew during his time as a student at the ENS.
As scientific knowledge does not speak directly to the public or to politicians, Althusser assigned materialist philosophers the job of communicating scientific knowledge of the material real, its conditions, and its possibilities to politicians and the public. After first citing Rousseau and Hobbes as example of philosophers who recognized that the origin and continued existence of political orders is contingent, Ovrdetermination turns to Machiavelli and Marx for his principle examples of how aleatory materialism functions in the political realm.