Sicklebush (Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.) is a thorny, semi-deciduous to deciduous leguminous shrub that can reach a height of m (Orwa et al. Dichrostachys cinerea. Photo: Bart Wursten Gatsi Communal Area, Honde Valley . Dichrostachys cinerea. Photo: Bart Wursten Mukuvisi Woodland, office area. Dichrostachys cinerea is a very variable and taxonomically complex species found from Africa to Australia. It has at times been treated as several distinct species.
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Bush or treelet 1.
Dichrostachys cinerea | Plantz Africa
It occurs in a diverse range of habitats and is a conspicuous component of many plant communities. Shrub, Tree SA Distribution: On poor soils and overgrazed ground it often forms tangled, impenetrable thickets.
Dichrostachys cinerea Wight et Arn. It is used as walking sticks, handles, spears, and tool handles. Chemical composition and in vitro ruminal fermentation of common tree forages in the semi-arid rangelands of Swaziland.
Seasonal variation of nutrient concentrations in a semi-arid savanna ecosystem in Botswana. Since the pods are indehiscent, their nutritive value for cattle is improved when they are milled through a 4 mm screen Mlambo et al. In South Africa, animals that feed on the pods include giraffe, buffalo, kudu, impala and Nyala Cooke,and seeds may also be carried in the hooves of cattle PIER, cinnerea It occurs in areas with a strong seasonal climate[ ].
Each plant, as dichristachys grows larger, can produce a large number of seeds almost all year round – these can germinate freely and can also remain dormant in the soil for a long time[ ]. Seeds were thought to have been carried to Florida, USA by a hurricane as it was first recorded along the coast around Lower Keys in after Hurricane Georges Moyroud, Directeur de l antenne Guadeloupe du Conservatoire Botanique.
L exemple de la Martinique. Its flowering season is spring, generally from September to February.
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Other uses Dichrostachys cinerea is also as an ornamental plant and makes efficient defensive live fences FAO, Cailliea cinerea Macbride Cailliea dichrostachys Guill. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Such uses are limited, however, because of its root competition, profuse suckering and aggressive weedy character.
It is considered to be termite resitant and has been used for a wide range of purposes including round wood, posts, exterior fittings, fences, though its utilization is limited by the scarcity of suitable dimensions and is more commonly used for walking sticks, tool handles, spears, etc. Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands?
Though it is drought-resistant and can be found in regions with mm annual rainfall, it tends to be restricted to watery places near ponds and along water courses in the Sahel Ecoport, An undesirable weed and is particularly a problem in areas where there has been overgrazing.
They are a better supplement than Acacia etbaica fruits for fattening young goats Yayneshet et al. The inflorescence is a fragrant, cylindrical cm long bicoloured spike that bears reddish-purple sterile flowers in the upper part and pale yellow-cream fertile ones in the lower part Orwa et al.
They contain more protein than the grasses available in the same regions. Pages – In the areas were it invades the species form very dense thickets making areas impenetrable. The foliage of Dichrostachys cinerea is rich in tannins and particularly in condensed tannins, dichrosachys may be detrimental to digestibility Makkar et al. Young plants may produce seeds.
For example, the species is thought to be native to the Northern Territory, Australia, however Cowan suggests that it naturalized ciinerea. Natural regeneration is strongest by root suckers. Ecology, synonyms, common names, distributions Pacific as well as globalmanagement and impact information. Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images Trees of Southern Africa. Inflorescence spicate, solitary on a bracteate, short shoot, cm long including the glabrous to puberulous peduncle.
The plant has moderately vigorous coppicing ability and can also be pollarded and lopped[ ]. Plants can be an indicator of overgrazing in low rainfall areas[ ]. Immerse the seeds in hot water, allow them to cool and then soak in water for 24 hours. Their protein content is adequate for maintenance and growth of small ruminants Tefera et al. Dichrostachys cinerea – L. The stems are often twisted and twined together.
The roots or the leaves can be dichristachys and placed on the sites of snakebites and scorpion stings[ ]. Farmers’ knowledge in the utilisation of eichrostachys browse species for feeding of goats in semi arid central Tanzania. Pods crowded, glomerate, ondulate and contorted, dark brown.
Habitat Top of page D.
The status of bush encroachment in Botswana’s grazing areas. Local use and knowledge validation of fodder trees and shrubs browsed by livestock in Bushbuckridge area, South Africa.
Dichrostachys cinerea Marabou Thorn, Sickle Bush PFAF Plant Database
Estimates of nitrogen fixation by trees on an aridity gradient in Namibia. Leaves bipinnate, cm long, with pairs of pinnae, each one with pairs of folioles mm long. Current Agriculture, 17 In the Caribbean Islands, a mycotic dermatosis due to the bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis has been linked to wounds caused by the thorns of Dichrostachys cinerea Esterre et al.