Ecological sanitation, commonly abbreviated as ecosan is an approach to sanitation provision For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT. However, the ecosan concept should not be limited to one. Introduction: The ECOSAN Toilet is a waterless, dehydration / evaporation system that provides a safe, non-polluting and cost effective solution for areas where. The technical manual for constructing EcoSan toilet was a team effort. We want to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to all the people who made.

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It does not favour a specific sanitation technology, but is rather a certain philosophy in handling substances that have so far been seen simply as wastewater and water-carried waste for disposal.

Submit publication by mail close. In Peru, the Incas had a high regard for excreta as a fertilizer, which was stored, dried and pulverized to be utilized when planting maize.

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. Prior toecosan has often been associated with urine diversion and in particular with urine-diverting dry toilets UDDTsa type of dry toilet.

A10 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines with urine separation

These pits are covered with a slab, usually made of concrete but sometimes of other cheaper local materials see the same fact sheet. Examples of ecosan projects worldwide can be found in a list published by GIZ inas well as in those case studies published by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance that are focused on reuse activities. Conservation Crisis Efficiency Footprint Reclaimed. The World Health Organization WHO considers that the urine of healthy individuals is virtually free of pathogens, and can normally be used as fertiliser after a month, but as it can be contaminated on exiting from the body or by coming into contact with faeces, it is best to consider it danger free after 6 monthsa time which should be observed if it is used for crops other than family crops.

Ecosan Australia Are you from Australia and need more information? What is a waterless toilet system?

Using the EcoSan toilet – Resources • SuSanA

The main objectives of ecological sanitation are to reduce the health risks related to sanitation, contaminated water and waste; to prevent groundwater pollution and surface water pollution; and to reuse nutrients or energy contained within wastes.


Retrieved from ” https: If anything is unclear about how the filter and search combinations work, just contact us: Worldwide list of documented ecosan projects by various organisations. Shit flow diagrams SFDs goilets to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Dry type latrines, which thus work without water, the most ecological of which separate urine from faeces toiets waste to be recycled by turning them into compost excreta or liquid fertiliser urine which can be used to fertilise soil or crops.

Using the EcoSan toilet

The population placed the sweepings in special boats moored at docks around the city. Working Groups 1 – Capacity development 2 – Market development 3 – Renewable energies and climate change 4 – Sanitation systems and technology options 5 – Food security and productive sanitation systems 6 – Toileets 7 – Sustainable WASH in institutions and gender equality 8 – Emergency and reconstruction situations 9 – Public awareness, advocacy and civil society engagement 10 – Operation, maintenance and sustainable tlilets 11 – Groundwater protection 12 – WASH yoilets nutrition 13 – Behaviour change.

Thus, the recycled human excreta product, in solid or liquid form, shall be of high quality both concerning pathogens and all kind of hazardous chemical components. Trees as recyclers of nutrients present in human excreta – Main tree report.

Available, on line at: Ok I’ve got it. Many traditional agricultural societies recognized the value of tiilets waste for soil fertility and practised the “dry” collection and reuse of excreta.

See pages 49 to 72 and 84 to in particular. Click on JoJo Tanks logo to visit their web site. At the moment, not all functions and hyperlinks are available.

This can be done in a workshop using moulds.

Ecological sanitation

History of water supply and sanitation. By considering a much larger range of options, optimal and economic solutions can be developed for each particular situation. Write us an e-mail close. For this purpose, and for the construction of other items of the latrine, reference can be made to the excellentextensively illustrated CREPA guide “Composting Latrines” indicated at the end of this fact sheet and pages 50 to 61 in particular including the photo above on how to start to make a seat.

But for squatting use of the latrine, this separation can be made directly on a slab with two larger holes, one of which is made over a bucket, with a volume of say 10 litres, made of reinforced plastic or concrete, mounted at an angle under the slab to recover the urine. However, the most renowned example of the organised collection and use of human excreta to support food production is that of China. One of the aims is to minimise the use of non-renewable resources. Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country.


EcoSan toilet adapted for underground mines. It is a more advanced ecological variant of composting latrines see Fact Sheet A9 and only differs in that it has a system for separating faeces and urine. This fairly recent type of latrine was introduced by research organizations such as CREPA in Burkina Faso or NGOs such as Toilettes du monde and is currently in widespread use and is one of the most recommended types.

A rock and hard place – Peak phosphorus and the threat to our food security. The project database contains nearly sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. The most common technology used in ecosan systems is the urine-diverting dry toiletbut ecosan systems can also use other technologies, such as vacuum toilets coupled with biogas plants, constructed wetlandscomposting toilets and so forth.

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Ecological Sanitation and Reuse of Wastewater – A thinkpiece on ecological sanitation. Illustration WEDC As for other types of latrine see Fact Sheet A5 “Latrines-General points” one or two pits are required but in this case above ground and with a smaller volume filling time often less than a yearwhich accounts for their commonly being referred to as compartments, which makes it easier to empty them and avoids the pollution of ground water.

The German government enterprise GIZ also had a large “ecosan program” from to Their variety should, when backed by awareness raising campaigns, usually make it possible to determine the one which would be most culturally and economically acceptable.

This enabled them to live in communities in which nutrients and organic matter contained in excreta were returned to the soil.