Sir James Steuart, 3rd Baronet of Goodtrees and eventually 7th Baronet of Coltness; late in life In Steuart published An Inquiry into the Principles of Political Economy, the first book by a Scottish economist with ‘political economy’ in the. An Inquiry Into the Principles of Political Economy, Volume 1. Front Cover · James Steuart. Being an , Volume 1 · Sir James Steuart Full view – . An Inquiry Into the Principles of Political Economy, Volume 1. Front Cover. James Stewart. Being an , Volume 2 · Sir James Steuart Full view –

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When Sir Archibald died, inthe baronetcy of Coltness, and the Steuart property, passed to Sir James Steuart; the Denham title and property passed to the last heir of the Denhams, Sir Archibald’s half-nephew on his mother’s side, who took the style of Sir William Lockhart Denham.

Finding the Swabian climate disagreeable to his health, Steuart spent several interludes in Venice and Padua. In other words, the rich citizens will be engaged to consume what is superfluous, in order to keep the balance even in favour of the industrious, and in favour of the nation. But as the plan of this inquiry engages me to investigate the operations of general principles, and the consequences they produce, I cannot omit, in this place, to point out those which flow from an indeterminate subordination, from whatever cause it may proceed.

Views Read View source View history. The property of all the lands of the state was thrown together, and became at the disposal of the legislator. Economic Writings 11 Sir James Steuart: But on the other hand, we may be very sure, that as to the outlines of the institution, we have them transmitted to us in all their purity’.

In the mean time, the surplus will be an article of exportation; but no sooner will demand come from abroad, for a greater quantity of manufactures than formerly, than such demand will have the effect of gradually multiplying the inhabitants up to the proportion of the surplus above mentioned, provided the statesman be all along careful to employ these additional numbers, which an useful multiplication must have produced, in supplying the additional demand: When he died, three years later, inthe Denham baronetcy became extinct; he also left his property, including the estate of Westshield, to Sir James Steuart, who then assumed the name of Denham, although he was not descended from.

Sir James Steuart: Principles of Political Economy

A government could not therefore encourage a system which tended to throw power into the hands of those who were made to obey only. James SteuartAdam Smithpolitical economytheory of populationmode of subsistenceauthoritysubordinationpriceseconomic growthinternational trade. First, What might remain to them of the fruits of their lot, over their own consumption; and secondly, The work of the slaves employed in trades.

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The Spartan landlords were rather overseers of the slaves, and collectors of the public subsistence, than direct proprietors of the soil which eocnomy it.

I think I may decide, that so far as the subordination is in proportion to the dependence, sofar it is reasonable and just.

An Inquiry into the Principles of Political Economy by James Steuart

When the Seven Years’ War broke out inSteuart, as a British national, felt uncomfortable in France and moved to Brussels Austrian Netherlands, a neutral territory. A System of Social Science: It produces no difference, whether these irregularities be exercised by those of the superior classes, or by the statesman and his substitutes. Of private Credit Chap. The regulations of these numerous assemblies which were compared, with great elegance and justness, to swarms of bees cut off all outward marks of distinction.

There luxury was looked on with a favourable eye, and every augmentation of superfluity was econmoy as a method of advancing population.

The third, That when these standards cannot be preserved, and that, from natural causes, prices get above them, public money must be thrown into the scale to bring prices to the level of those of exportation. Scottish Enlightenment economist, often regarded as the “last Mercantilist “.

The simplicity of Lycurgus’s plan, rendered this a practicable scheme. He died at his family seat, Coltnessin Lanarkshire. This frugality produced no bad effect; because no man lived by his industry. When little money can be acquired, the statesman’s application must be, to make that already acquired to circulate as much as possible, in order to give bread to every one in the society. How the Prices of Goods are determined by Trade Chap.

This difference in the form or administration of governments, is the only one seuart it is essentially necessary to examine in this inquiry. Other and more general parallels are to be observed in Steuart’s awareness of the potential for economic pginciples and in his appreciation of the contribution made to the process by international trade. Here then was a whole nation fed and provided for gratuitously; there was not the least occasion for industry.

The sagacious Lacedemonian did not, however, entirely depend upon the blind submission of his countrymen to the dictates of the oracle; but wisely judged that some preparatory steps might still be necessary. If he allows such a dependence to subsist, his project will fail. steeuart

James Steuart (economist)

More accurately, while on the Continent, Steuart had imbibed the sophisticated Enlightenment Mercantilism that was in the air — particularly, German Neo-Cameralism — which combined a legal-statist approach with a “natural” approach to economics. And what country could defend itself against the attack of such an enemy?


This seems to be a rational principle: He forbade bathing, so necessary for cleanliness in a hot country; and the coarseness and dirtiness of their cloaths, and sweat from their hard exercises, could not fail to disgust strangers from coming among them. Why are some Countries found very populous in respect of others, equally well calculated for Improvement?

While a spirit of moderation prevails in a trading nation, it may rest assured, that as far as in this particular it excels the nations with whom it corresponds, so far will it increase the proportion of its wealth, power, and superiority, over them.

Sir James Steuart: Principles of Political Economy – Oxford Scholarship

The life of the democratical system is equality. The first general principle is to employ, as usefully as possible, a certain number of the society, in producing objects of the first necessity, always more than sufficient to supply the inhabitants; and to contrive means of enabling every one of the free hands to procure subsistence for himself, by the exercise of some species of industry. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics.

In proportion, therefore, as certain classes, or certain individuals become more dependent than formerly, in the same proportion ought their just subordination to increase: Sir James Steuart Anne Dalrymple. Circulation and the Balance of Wealth, objects worthy of the attention of a modern Statesman Chap.

Were no man in the state employed in ecobomy strangers, the prices of superfluities might be allowed to rise as high as possible, and a standard would also become useless, as the sole design politicsl it is to favour exportation.

Classical, Early, and Medieval Poetry and Poets: Also the German philosopher Hegel recognized that book and wrote a comment about it in the year Methods of contracting and paying off public Debts. Were nobody econoky a nation employed in producing the necessaries of life, and all the industrious employed in supplying other articles of consumption, the prices of necessaries might be allowed to fall as low as possible. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service.